EWEB's Roosevelt development includes approximately 14 acres of wetlands that have been restored and enhanced. These wetlands have been neglected over the years and the new development is intended to maximize natural
habitat and also provide water efficient landscaping.
This restoration of the land is a visible
expression of EWEB's environmental stewardship
and provides an example of how to develop an industrial site with wetlands in Eugene.
EWEB's wetlands include several different habitat zones that support a variety of plants and animals.
||Plants and animals that may be found at EWEB site
||Snags provide perches for raptors and nest sites for cavity-nesting birds.
Insects in the wood provide food birds. Trees that fall to the ground provide habitat for snakes,
lizards and other animals.
- Cottonwood Snag
- Red shafted Flicker
- American Kestrel
||Shrubs provide a buffer for other wetland areas. They help to control erosion
and filter pollutants from surface runoff. The shrubs also provide protective cover from
predators, as well as homes and foraging areas for birds.
- Redosier Dogwood
- Sitka Willow
- Nootka Rose
- Orange Crowned Warbler
- Spotted Towhee
||The wet prairie is one of the most
endangered habitats in Oregon. These areas dry out in the summer, appearing as open, grassy landscapes.
In the wet months, the soil becomes saturated, and low areas fill with water, attracting
shorebirds and waterfowl.
- Garter Snake
|Emergent (ponded) wetland
||A clay layer under the topsoil in the emergent wetland and the wet prairie
slows water seepage into deeper soils. In the past, when this area was used from farming,
plowing and filling eliminated the low spots, or hollows in the land. EWEB reintroduced these
areas as part of its restoration effort during the building of the Roosevelt Operations Center.
- Great Blue Heron
- Popcorn Flower
||The plants in this zone like to live in areas that flood
frequently but do not always have standing water.
- Red Legged Tree Frog
- Wilson's Warbler
- Slough Sedge
- Oregon Ash
||Before European and Asian American settlers arrived in the Eugene area,
the Kalapuya used fires to control woody vegetation and maintain both wet prairie and open
grassy areas with scattered trees. These open areas were designed to
approximate the habitat zones that are believed to have existed on the Roosevelt Operations
Center property at that time.
- Ponderosa Pine
- Western Scrub Jay
- Douglas Fir
- White Oak